Organic food is food produced in many ways while complying with the strict standards of organic agriculture. Organic farming involves recycling natural nutrients, encouraging environmental balance, restoring biodiversity, and stabilizing ecological systems. Organic farmers do not use synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. They do not add hormones, antibiotics, artificial colorings, flavors or preservatives.
The Criteria for Organic Food
Organic food can be certified as organic if it meets the following criteria: it must be grown in a way that ensures a healthy yield, the soil structure requires appropriate amounts of sunlight, and production must be carefully controlled. These practices provide organic food with no chemicals that may cross from one plant to another, pose a risk to the environment, or poison animals or humans.
Organic food producers must pay careful attention to the conditions in which the plants are grown. They cannot use synthetic chemicals on crops grown with conventional farming methods. They also have to ensure that the soil and air are free from synthetic chemicals. Since organic foods are grown using different methods than traditional growing methods, producers cannot expect to grow foods exactly like those sold in conventional markets.
Manures are used in organic foods production such as composts, cottonseed meal (coarse), alfalfa, clover, grass clippings, horsetail, soybeans, weeds, and zucchini. Manures are used in two forms, wet (forages) or dry (castings).
Cultivars and Cover Crops
Cultivars and cover crops are used to enhance the quality of soil and increase fertility. For example, organic grains have a shorter shelf life than traditional grains. Organic cereals, including buckwheat, quinoa, wild rice and teff, are better for your health than cereals made with traditional methods.
Organic fertilizers, such as green manure (from livestock such as poultry, sheep, and deer), soybean hulls, manure from animal feed, manure from alfalfa plants, wheat straw, horsehair, alfalfa stalks, and vetch, contain all the nutrients necessary for growing a healthy plant and are non-toxic.
Organic Vegetable Production
Organic vegetable production is a more expensive process than traditional farming, but the yields produce nutrient-packed crops. Farmers who grow organically control pests and improve soil through natural compost and manure, aerating, or adding organic amendments. Some organic vegetable growers even go so far as to hand-select and grow their crops.
When crop shoots and leaves are removed during the harvesting process, they are left on the forest floor or wet fields to decompose. When rain or irrigation water is applied to the soil, some dead material is released as compost.
This compost breaks down over time and provides plant nutrients. The rest of the material is usually available for harvest. Some crop farmers make fertilizer by combining manure from different locations and applying it directly to the soil for best results
To Sum Up
Organic food production includes ploughing, seed cultivation, weed control, irrigation, fertilizing, branding, and packaging. Organic food companies usually grow their food and do not use chemicals. It is huge in demand among health enthusiasts nowadays.
So, it is essential to choose the right company to grow your food because some companies use chemicals that are banned in Europe and have been linked to serious health problems. All in all, organic food is an excellent choice for your family.